After browsing blogs this past week, I noticed that the issue of the Trinity has been coming up. I am finding, to my horror, that some people are modalists – a belief that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are one person with different offices. This denies Jesus as the Son of God, denies the Holy Spirit that was sent to each of us which in turn implies that the Bible is fallible.
Everyone who believes in the Trinity can cite Jesus’ baptism as evidence of the Trinity but are there other verses? I’m going to color code verses that apply to each…
Father = Red
Son = Blue
Holy Spirit = Green
Isaiah 61:1: “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, Because the Lord has anointed me To bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to captives And freedom to prisoners;” (This is a triadic passage because Jesus applies the text to Himself in Luke 4:18-30)
Isaiah 63:8-19: “For He said, “Surely, they are My people, Sons who will not deal falsely.” So He became their Savior. In all their affliction He was afflicted, And the angel of His presence saved them; In His love and in His mercy He redeemed them, And He lifted them and carried them all the days of old. But they rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit” (The angel of His face is Jesus himself, not a created angel: Ex 23:14-15, 20-23; 14:19; Num 20:16; Ex 33:12. Trinitarians expect to find this kind of passage in the Old Testament, that would not be fully understood until the mystery was revealed about the Trinity in the New Testament.)
Luke 1:35: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy child shall be called the Son of God.”
Luke 4:1-12: “Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led around by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days,…Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.”
John 14:16: “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever”
John 20:21-22: “So Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you; as the Father has sent Me, I also send you.” And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.”
Acts 1:7-8: “He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority; but you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you.
Acts 2:33: “Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured forth this which you both see and hear.”
Acts 2:38-39: “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. “For the promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God will call to Himself.”
Acts 5:30-32: “The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you had put to death by hanging Him on a cross…” And we are witnesses of these things; and so is the Holy spirit, whom God has given to those who obey Him.”
Acts 7:55: “But being full of the Holy Spirit, he gazed intently into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God”
Acts 10:38: “You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power”
Acts 10:44-48: “While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who were listening to the message…and exalting God…And he ordered them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ.
Acts 11:15-17: “the Holy Spirit fell upon them…Therefore God gave to them the same gift as he gave to us also after believing in the Lord Jesus Christ?
These are only a few examples – more is found in Acts, Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, 1 &2 Thessalonians, Titus, Hebrews, 1 Peter, 1 John and Jude. These passage don’t state that all three are one, but they do establish as them being separate ‘persons’, thus debunking the modalist’s myth. You can make the argument that Peter, James, and John are also mentioned together in verses but they are not God.